kurdish peshmerga forces strike i.s.i.l. targets inside kobane for the first time. hello, i'm at al jazeera's headquarters in doha. also ahead a deal is signed in yemen to form a unity government. it comes against the backdrop of more fighting. a hero's welcome from some from burkina faso new interim leader. the african union condemns the military take over. the u.n. says there's con cluesive evidence that humans are -- conclusive evidence that
humans are changing the earth's climate kurdish forces are battling the i.s.i.l. armed group on two key fronts in syria and iraq. for the first time iraqi kurdish forces known as peshawar joined the fight against i.s.i.l. they have been sent to help syrian kurds stop i.s.i.l. fighters taking it. let's start, though, with that battle that is going on, . jamal joins us from the turkish-syrian boarder. where have the latest clashes left kobane? >> in terms of gaining new territories, it's not apparent whether any side has retreated or made gains, what we have seen, and who they know is that the peshawar forces who observed
from iraq through turkey yesterday did, indeed begin engaging with i.s.i.l. that was through the form of initially firing rockets at the back of pick-up trucks, and earlier today they fired several rounds of mortar fire on the eastern side of the town. it was followed by two large air strikes by the u.s. led collision. we understood, speaking to commanders, the peshawar forces will have more of a back seat in the comeback. they will provide support, and maybe some of the heavy artillery that the civil jan cars didn't. the syrian kurdish y.p.g. forces who have been combatting i.s.i.l. for several weeks. >> while that is going on, the
syrian regime is wasting no time stepping up its attacks. tell us what is going on elsewhere in the country. >> indeed, that is true. particularly latest news coming out of idlib. the forces are there, increasing the dropping of berrell bombs on the area, as well as several other parts of syria. this goes in line with statements made by the turkish president when he was questioning why so much emphasis was put on kobane, when massacres were taking place. it's a negative thing coming out of the struggle against i.s.i.l., is that it's essentially provided de facto smokescreen for the continuing attacks but the syrian governments on other parts of syria, and essentially narrowed the crisis, as significant as it
is, geographically and politically. why the conflict has been raging on, costing more than 200,000 lives and 5 million refugees seems to have fallen off the agendas, and that is what many of the opposition fighters and refugees have been complaining about in recent days. >> jamal from the turkey, syrian boarder. >> in iraq, kurdish peshawar forces are fighting for control of the strategic town of erbil. charles stratford is on the front line and sent this report. peshawar soldiers fire at fighters with the islamic state of iraq and levant or i.s.i.l. in northern iraq. defending the town of rabia, the syrian border half a kilometre away. al jazeera is the first international news organization on the front line, since the peshawar took control of i.s.i.l.
the fighting has been intense. defending the position is vital for the kurdish forces. >> translation: rabia is important. it's the main route for i.s.i.l. for syria and i.s.i.l. the peshawar dug in. they have built higher defensive mud banks, saying that i.s.i.l. forces attack at night. many peshawar were killed in the battle for rabia. 70,000 used to live here, and they fled when the fighting started. peshawar military builders are parked among the abandoned homes. i.s.i.l. forces are over a kilometer in that direction. the peshawar have retaken the strategic town of rabia. with that, they say i.s.i.l. is changing strategy. i.s.i.l. used trucks laden with explosives to ram checkpoints like this.
peshawar say i.s.i.l. sends groups of fighters on foot to infiltrate the group at night. >> they have tried to come in on foot. the day we retook assumar, they thought be deployed heavily, they attacked here three times, they used grenades, we repelled them. >> the question is whether the peshawar can hold the position in the coming winter months when cloud cover makes the coalition air strikes difficult. >> translation: air strikes are important. the second thing is antitank weapon systems and night vision capability. we need engineers for clearing improvised explosive devices. destroyed villages dot the road. the peshmerga say they could never a re taken the town without air strikes and weapons. as winter draws closer, to too
the change to protect towns like this to yemen, where 20 soldiers have been killed in fighting with al qaeda-linked fighters. three other soldiers were kidnapped during the violence in the city of hudaydah. we go to our correspondent. let's start with the creation of a new government. agreements have been signed. when will it be put into effect? >> well now the president and the prime minister designate are looking into names and different candidates. according to the deal that was signed on saturday all the political blocs gave their to the prime minister and prime minister designate to choose a
government of technocrat. there's an advisory board including a member of the houthi movement, as well as others, and they need to approve the names before they really announce the formation. in other words, the houthis and others are monitoring - will be monitoring the choices of the president and the prime minister designate, and they'll announce their approval of the lack of it. we are told by the houthi member and as well as from the main opposition group, which represents the muslim brotherhood, that they expect the matter to be solved in a few day's time. it could take a few days to form a new government. >> does the fact that the houthis signed the agreement mean they have taken back territory captured by the houthis? >> that's the big question. >> let me take you back a month
from now when they signed the peace and partnership agreement. according to the agreement, once the government is formed, the houthis will have to withdraw and disarm and go back to the strong hold in the north. a leading official in the houthi movement told me that our presence in the capital relates with maintaining security, because the houthis see the cost as week, and security is weak, and they are incapable of maintaining security. in other words they will not withdraw unless the security situation improves in the capital. that is a big question. it depends on who you ask and who can assess the ability of the security sources. that leaves it wide open. that they could see members of the security group. it's interesting to see, and we'll have to wait and see what
the outcome will be. >> all right. >> now protesters are back on the streets of burkina faso's capital. they are against the seizure of power after the president resigned and fled to the ivory coast gerald tan has the latest. >> reporter: burkina faso's president of 27 years is now in neighbouring yost with his family. his brother's home became public property, inviting prisoners to take and sell whatever its they can. with blaise compaore out of the military scene, the military stepped in leaving isaac zida head of state. >> translation: starting today i assumed the responsibilities as head of the government. i called on the community to support our people in this difficult time.
>> reporter: but it was people power that forced blaise compaore out. those behind the protest rejected the takeover. >> the political opposition in civil society insists that the victory of the uprisings belong to the people. therefore the transitional government falls to them, and under no circumstances should be confiscated by the military. >> fearful that the country could face a coup, the opposition is calling on supporters to protest, they want the authorities to be in charge. the head of the government should take charge. >> the way in which everything will be set up to organise election will make it difficult. it could be, indeed, a danger. a danger the african union is
key to employ. it's calling on the military to transfer power. >> what happens next is to determine the political future. >> still to come on al jazeera, a controversial vote. a separatist push for legitimacy. trees torn down to clear the way for agriculture, pushing the community to the edge of society. clz
welcome back, let's recap the headlines on al jazeera. iraqi kurdish peshawar soldiers joined the fight against the islamic state of iraq and levant in syria. hitting i.s.i.l. targets in the east of kobane. the peshawar will not be involved in fighting from the frontline. 20 yemeni soldiers have been killed during fighting with al qaeda. three others were kidnapped. protesters of burkina faso are back on the streets, angry over the intim backed military leader. the army installed lieutenant colonel isaac zida as head of state. voting is underway in eastern ukraine where pro russian separate ests were taking votes. >> the election was designed to bring legitimacy in the maining
shift regime, controlling the self-declared republics. people are voting for two new parliament and two presidents, that's certain to confirm the unelected chiefs in their positions. 3 million ball et cetera have been printed for the polls, only recognised by russia. we have the latest from donetsk. >> reporter: there is a large turn out for the elections. we have seen more people on the streets whilst travelling around the region. there's a large queue in this polling station here. but we have seen a similar seen in the capital, where people told us they have been waiting two with ours to cast the ballot. this is the image separatist leaders hope for. it's an image to show the world that their struggles have popular support.
a lot of people in the region left as the shelling started. the separatist and election commission would be able to cast their ballot online, and there are polling stations open across the border because of refugees that have gone there. the o.s.c.e. is not on the ground. however, there's people to be performed asce. the population in europe. it comes from the french european country. they have been touring around the stations. so far they have seen no indication of vote rigging. on the day the fighters who are usually dominating on the streets have taken a back step. it gives the people who have been sitting at home watching
the conflict unfold, the opportunity to make the voices heard. midterm elections in the u.s. is days away and in one of the battle ground states an incumbent republican senator is in trouble. an independent newcomer may have a shot at unseating the veteran politician, as alexandre renaud -- rob reynold's explains from kansas. >> this is an hear with 20 churches, one cafe, 5,000 people. it's a conservative place. >> most people in kansas are republican, and i believe they vote republican. >> reporter: people here, like many americans are not happy with politics and politicians. >> people are tired of the general direction that the country is going in. >> washington is not doing
anything. it really is broken. we need to get a fix. >> reporter: that is bad news to this man. kansas's long-term. >> the road to the majority runs through kansas. kansas will deliver. >> reporter: or maybe not this time. roberts is in the fight of his political life against this man. he's a successful businessman who is not aligned with either party. the american public expects washington to work. they expected them to solve problems. when we send the same people back. greg ormond turned the senate race into a toss up. >> support for greg ormond grew and in september the democratic candidate dropped out of the race in order to give greg
ormond a better shot at beating roberts. panic at the prospect of losing roberts. they partied, after pouring money into the campaign. >> it is essential that we elected pat roberts to the u.s. senate. roberts says greg ormond is really a democrat, and an ally of president obama, who he denounces as a reckless and flawed president who will stop at nothing. >> back at the cafe, many feel roberts is out of touch. >> mr roberts has been in washington too long, hanging on to his paycheck and life-long pension. he has lost contact with the kansas voters. >> i'd like to see the independent in. hopefully he's independent. we need someone fresh and new, someone listening to the people.
>> long-time voters say greg ormond has a tough job. >> he faces a challenge of message, building an organization, getting people to the polls. doesn't mean he can't do it. >> polls show the race is tide, so on election day, places like osawatomie may send a message in bangladesh the jamaat-e-islami is calling for a 24 hour country-wide strike. that is after a second senior party member was sentenced to death. mir quasem ali has been found guilty of 10 charges, including the torture of fighters during the so-called liberation war in pakistan in 1971. ali is a senior member of the party. last week the parties leader was given a death sentence for similar crimes. 200 egyptian journalists rejected is policy by newspaper
editors to ban crit sting of forces. it follows a request by abdul fatah al-sisi. al jazeera demand theers of journalists who have been detained in egypt for 309 days. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed were convicted for seven years. al jazeera reject the charges against them human rights and press freedom organizations have been meeting in doha to discuss press safety and made another call for the release of al jazeera staff in egypt. >> unfortunately this is not the first case in other areas not just egypt. we have to discuss and find a way. we note the problem is political, not judicial. there must be a way to sort out
this issue. >> reporter: the united nations expert panel on climate science says it has evidence that humans are altering earth's climate. the report is touted as the most comprehensive assessment of climate change ever under taken. in it scientists say they are more certain than ever that greenhouse gas emissions and pol ute ants are the dominant cause of global warming. reducing greenhouse gas is the key to limiting risks of climate change. the impact of climate change is felt on all continents. the least developed countries are vulnerable. >> the u.n. secretary-general ban ki-moon says the world can limit climate change. >> the good news is if we act now, immediately, and decisively, we'll have the means to build a better and takenable
world. many tools and technologies are already available. the noble energy sources are increasingly, economically competitive. they have long proven value. action on climate change can contribute to economic prosperity. why reducing the risks of further environmental deg radition. many of the countries effected by climate change are developing ones. with development warming that climate change will make it source. the pacific island samoa is proceduring for the worst. >> two years ago cyclones brought trees crashing down on lester dean's bee heaves, so
many plants were destroyed the bees starved due to loss of poll edge. vegetables were not pollinated for the next season. >> everyone lost out. vegetable farmers and fruit farmers had no cash. nothing. >> reporter: natural disaster can have unexpected consequences. anticipating them made sense. the new hives were kept away from trees. elsewhere in samoa, after a tsunami killed people. survivors moved to a new settlement. trees are planted along shore lines. crops under plastic. forests are replanted and they can act as a barrier as communities need to be involved in that. a scale model of the landscape is built to explain what is done and why.
>> the individual - it needs to be addressed, it's happening, unavoidable and the project is a good example how to address it. >> the gradual effects of global warming mean habits need to change. in samoa they are experimenting as to which drops do best. then there are the big projects. physical barriers are an obvious example. not all examples are disaster preparedness are about action on the ground. a push by the united nations is to get insurance into the world's purest places. the natural disaster last year caused $200 billion of taj. most losses unadjourned. >> 707 prsz of the world had no insurance. in the pacific it's 0.3%. i don't need to say how
critically important it is to have insurance. climate change is making natural disaster for free consequent and severe -- frequent and severe. it pays to be prepared. environmental groups are protesting against deforestation in northern argentina, saying that provincial government is colluding with landowners to manipulate the law the damage on the ground is brutal. huge areas of forest ripped up by chains dragged between two bulldozers. the extent of the devastation is starker from the air. 100,000 hectares of forests ripped up, to make the way for bean, soya and sugar problems. with advance technology and resilient seeds, agriculture is moving into unproductive areas. it is a new frontier. the rate of deforestation is
among the highest in latin america. >> this is what is known as monday, a thick forest that thrives over the baron soil in the north of argentina. some of the trees takes years to grow. it takes days to destroy 120 hectares of forest. greenpeace erected the blockade, saying the provincial government is manipulating sometimes flouting the law. >> the forest is the same. they re-categorize it. there's no indigenous people here, or it's badly conserved. it author iced the deforestation. >> the legal framework we have been given allows us to make the
changes. we are always ready to listen to objections by the environmental groups. >> salt re's wichie indigenous number is making a living by hunting and gathering, doing odd jobs. it's whittled away. >> translation: why don't they respect us, we need the space. >> this woman doesn't speak spanish, but insisted talking to us through a translator as she insists no one was listening. there's fear in her heart for children and grandchildren. she doesn't know what they'll do. >> a volcano in costa rica erupted. it rumbled into life on wednesday and seismic activity
remained high. volcanic ash spread to the capital san francisco, 65km away. for more on those stories, head over to aljazeera.com. hello. you are watching a special edition of "the listening post" on the snowden effect. change is occurring in journalism in the age of the state. when he hadwin snowden took the classified u.s. intelligence documents and make them public, he knew his e-mails could be intercepted by the same people that the story was about. the national security agency,